Are All Golf Swings The Same? (We Ask The Experts)

Golf Waterton is supported by its readers. If you buy something with our links, we may earn a commission.

People adore sports because they bring them competitiveness, passion, and joy. Every sport has its specifics and essential skills that players need to master to perfection. In golf, such a fundamental skill is the golf swing. It is not just a skill but rather a complex element that drives the entire play of the golfer. If we wonder whether all golf swings are the same or not, we would have to ask experts.

In general, a golf swing should consist of the same movements every time, no matter the club or distance of the shot. However, some experts argue that there is a difference in the mechanics and methods some players use and gender differences.

Every seasoned golfer would agree that a good swing is a key to excel in golf. Professionals make golf swings look very easy and effortless. However, it is not like that, but their swing showcases a long time of practice and dedication. Do they work on only one type of golf swing, or they practice different swings for different strokes? The next logical question would be whether all players use the same swing mechanics or they differ.

The Magic Of Golf Swing

The golf swing is the complex movement involving the whole body, by which players in the sport of golf hit the ball. This torque consists of several essential movement elements, and its technicalities are known as golf stroke mechanics. The purpose of the golf swing is to steer as much kinetic energy as possible into the clubhead, so when it contacts the ball, all of the energy will transfer to the ball, sending it into flight. (1) A good golf swing depends on several body elements that prepare and execute the complex motion correctly. List 1 below displays the elements of the golf swing, as follows:

  • Musculature
  • Pre-swing
    • Posture
    • Alignment
    • Grip
  • Timing
  • Power

List 1 Source Note (1)

The swing begins with the arms moving back in a straight line to the top of the so-called backswing position before going back down to hit the ball in the downswing position. The combination of hips, elbows, wrists, and shoulders’ movement occurs in strict coordination, under precise timing and concentration. (1) The golf stroke mechanics lead to successful (or not so successful) strokes and shots. Below, you can find a list of different types of strokes and shots in golf, as follows:

  • Stroke types:                                                        
    • Chip                                                             
    • Pitch                                                      
    • Putt                                                                                                                        
  • Shots:
    • Drive
    • Approach shot
    • Lay-up shot
    • Chip
    • Pitch
    • Bunker shot
    • Flop shot
    • Putt
    • – Bank shot                  

List 2 Source Note (1)

Two Mechanics Of The Same Thing

Most experts support the thesis that the golf swings are always the same. You do not change the technique of motion that produces the shots, but rather, you change the clubs or the distance you swing them. However, specialists do argue about the golf mechanics, which they find different. The two opposing mechanics of golf swing are known as “swinging” and “leverage.”  Instructors, who believe that “swinging” is the better swing mechanic, teach their students to use only it and vice versa – the opponents teach “leverage.”  (2)

The “swinging” is based on the idea of the club’s response to gravity like a pendulum, and the swing motion should follow the same principle. “Leverage” supporters teach the application of muscular strength to the club as if it is a lever. According to Mike Southern, however, both mechanics do not illustrate any differences in the execution of the overall motion. They differ by applying or not applying muscular power to the movement, but do not change it. Therefore, for Southern, the dispute here is pointless because these are two mechanics of the same thing. (2)

Same Swing But Different Speed

According to the experts, golf swing technique may be universal, but the speed you are hitting the ball via this movement is not the same. The swing speed measures the velocity of the golf club’s head at the point of contact with the ball. The faster the swing, the farther the ball will fly. However, you cannot consistently achieve the same swing speed because clubs come in different lengths and weights. (3) Consequently, we can conclude that performing a perfect swing is not enough since the swing speed, shot distance, and accuracy also depend on additional factors, such as golf clubs.


The necessity to use different clubs to perform different strokes seems that, after all, affects the golf swing. Experts give an example of the subtle difference between professional player Rory McIlroy’s driver and iron golf swing. His driver and iron swings are almost dramatically opposed. It is visible even in his stance while performing these swings. How does he swing his driver, for example, depends on whether he wants to increase the launch angle and reduce the ball’s spin or wants to impart more spin. (4)

Golf Swings And Gender

Differences in the movement variability of the golf swing between males and females exist. A study held by Australian scientists found that male and female skilled golfers perform the downswing of the entire golf swing differently. Researchers concluded that male and female seasoned golf players utilize different upper body movement strategies during the downswing while achieving similarly low levels of clubhead trajectory variability at ball contact. Compared to males, females showed higher thorax and pelvis variability for axial rotation at the mid-point of the downswing and ball contact. (5). This study, for example, puts some considerable doubts about the claim that all golf swings are the same.

Golf Swings FAQ

Is Everyone’s Golf Swing Different?

The mechanics of the swing motion are the same. Of course, everyone can perform the golf swing differently, according to personal physics or how they learned and practiced it. There is no right or wrong manner of swinging a golf club. Some swings work better than others, and some are easier to learn than others are. However, due to the equal basic mechanics, all golf swings are very similar.

What Are The Different Types Of Golf Swings?

Although experts’ opinion is divided; those who believe that different golf swings exist talk about different golf swing methods. In this case, they mean the different methods used to perform the universal motion of golf swing. The swing methods are Rotational Based Swing, Hands and Arms Based Swing, Separation Based Swing, Directing the Momentum Swing, and Single Plane Swing. The majority of golf players fit into these five categories. Most PGA Tour golfers utilize these swings in their play.

What Is The Modern Golf Swing?

Just like every other sport, golf is evolving. The golf swing is evolving as well. The modern golf swing draws its power primarily from the upper half of the human body. The golfer stands over the ball and uses more rotation in the shoulders. He performs a compact upper body motion combined with a lower movement.

The Last Thought On Golf Swing

Whether all golf swings are the same or not, obviously is a matter of perspective. Experts are not unanimous when discussing this subject. For many of them, the motion that delivers kinetic energy to the ball, making it fly, is universal, and everything else is mechanics. Others believe in different golf swings, which depend on human physics (gender), the clubs you use, and the speed you want to apply. They describe these differences as swing methods that professional golfers widely utilize. However, the general truth in golf is that the success of your game depends on the perfectionism of your golf swing.


  1. 1. Wikipedia, “Golf Swing.” Wikimedia Foundation, Assessed Apr 30, 2021
  2. 2. Mike Southern, “Proper Mechanics for a Golf Swing.”  USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, Assessed Apr 30, 2021
  3. 3. M.L. Rose, “5-Iron Swing Speed Compared to Driver Speed.”, Assessed Apr 30, 2021
  4. 4. Luke.Kerr-Dineen, “The Subtle Differences between Rory McIlroy’s Driver and Iron Golf Swing.”  Golf,, Assessed Apr 30, 2021
  5. 5. Sean Horan, Kerrie Evans & Justin  Kavanagh, “Movement Variability in the Golf Swing of Male and Female Skilled Golfers.”, Assessed May 1, 2021